Jurnal Anggaran dan Keuangan Negara Indonesia (AKURASI) 2019-12-14T07:42:44+00:00 Journal Manager DJA Open Journal Systems <p>Jurnal Anggaran dan Keuangan Negara Indonesia (AKURASI)</p> EFISIENSI BELANJA KESEHATAN DI INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN TWO-STAGE NETWORK DEA 2019-12-14T07:42:44+00:00 Faslan Syam Saiah Deri Saputra <p><em>This paper attempts to measure the efficiency of provinces in Indonesia in utilizing public resources for health where only 5% of the total amount of state and local budget is spent for health. With such budget constraints, it is important to examine the efficiency of spending in health services as small changes can have a major impact in achieving human development target. Efficiency is defined as the deviaton from frontier which represents the maximum output attainable from each input level. This efficiency frontier was estimated using the two-stage data envelopment analysis that created relative efficiency for every province as Decision Making Unit. With 2016 data, we used accumulation of state and local government expenditure for health services per capita as input variable; physicians per 100,000 population, hospital beds per 100,000 population, percentage of assisted deliveries in healthcare facilities, and percentage&nbsp; of complete basic immunization on infants as output intermediate variable; and life expectancy and prevalence of stunting as outcome variable. Analysis of efficiency scores shows that most provinces are inefficient. This research is expected to contribute in the budget allocation among Indonesian provinces.</em></p> 2019-12-12T06:47:20+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PENGARUH INFRASTUKTUR EKONOMI DAN SOSIAL DALAM PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH 2019-12-14T07:42:43+00:00 wahyu dede kusuma <p><em>This study describes the effect of economic and social infrastructures on regional development in Indonesia. Infrastructures were devided into two parts, they are: economic infrastructures (road, cellular phone, electricity, and clean water access) and social (education) in 33 provinces from 2012 to 2017. This study uses panel data: fixed effect model with cross-section weights (Panel EGLS). From the estimation, we can get the description that all of infrastructures and labor participation give the significant effect to regional development except road. All of those significant infrastructures and labor participation give the positive effect to the regional development. Labor participationgives the biggest impact to regional development followed by electricity and clean water access.</em></p> 2019-12-12T06:57:15+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ANALISIS DAMPAK EKONOMI INVESTASI INFRASTRUKTUR : PENDEKATAN MODEL KOMPUTASI KESEIMBANGAN UMUM 2019-12-14T07:42:42+00:00 nararia sanggrama wijaya Wisynu Wardhana Adventus Parulian Van Tua Simanullang Ryan Ardany Sumarna Akhmad Iksanuddin <p><em>This paper discusses the impacts of infrastructure investment funded by state budget through PSN (Proyek Strategis Nasional/ National Strategic Project) on economic. It applies Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium (DCGE). The analysis was conducted through two simulations. First, it estimated the effects of PSN on certain macroeconomic indicators i.e. household consumption, private investment, export, and import. In addition, it also assessed the effects of each type infrastructure project on macroeconomic indicators. The analysis combined data from Indonesia Statistics on Indonesia Input Output Table (2010) and Indonesia Socio-economic Accounting Matrix (2008). The result shows that PSN 2015-2023 promotes Indonesia real GDP growth from 0.04 to 0.09 percentage point with the highest impact on 2024 and 2027. Furthermore, based on the investment categories, road and bridge investment are the instrument with the highest effect on GDP growth, employment, and poverty eradication. However, the majority of infrastructure project put pressure on the trade deficit, except telecommunication and energy (oil refinery). Those two sectors could narrow the trade deficit in the long term.</em></p> 2019-12-12T07:05:06+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## DAMPAK PENGGUNAAN PAJAK ROKOK DAN INTERCEPT DAU TERHADAP DEFISIT DJS KESEHATAN 2019-12-14T07:42:40+00:00 Niar Afdhal Luthfi <p><em>The deficit experienced by Health Social Security Fund </em>(<em>Dana Jaminan Sosial/DJS) Kesehatan encourages the Government to look forward to the alternative policies that are focused on efforts to strengthen DJS Kesehatan revenues and expenditure efficiency. In 2018, the Government implemented policies of the obligation to use the Cigarette Tax and General Allocation Fund (DAU) intercept (for local government who have National Health Security (JKN) arrears to cover the DJS Kesehatan deficit. The purpose of this study is to see the effectiveness of the obligation to use cigarette tax and DAU intercept in reducing the DJS Kesehatan deficit. The method used is a comparative descriptive method with a quantitative approach using secondary data and information from BPJS Kesehatan. From the analysis, we found that the policy of using cigarette tax and DAU intercept is not effective enough in overcoming the DJS Kesehatan deficit. The other impact is the potency to increase the number of Regional Health Security (Jamkesda) participants registered within the regional government and increase the compliance of regional governments in paying JKN contributions.</em></p> 2019-12-12T07:23:19+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## DAMPAK ALOKASI DANA DESA BAGI PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH DAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT 2019-12-14T07:42:39+00:00 Alfian Mujiwardhani Heru Wibowo Iman Tri Mulya <p><em>This study aims to evaluate the impact of the Village Fund allocation on the improvement of regional development, which is measured by improvements in physical capital, human capital, economy, and community welfare (economic growth, poverty, and unemployment). The Difference in Difference (DID) method is applied to estimate the effects of village fund allocation by comparing the changes in outcome between the district that get village fund allocation (intervention group) and the cities that did not (control group). The results of the study show that the Village Fund has an impact on improving the achievement of outputs in infrastructure, education and health services, as well as improving economic performance, but has not been able to improve welfare indicators. The Village Fund is expected to be able to increase economic growth in the short term, but it has not yet affected poverty and unemployment.</em></p> 2019-12-12T07:27:07+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##